Article 4 of the US Constitution
What does Article 4 of the US Constitution deal with?
The US Constitution was written on June 21, 1788 and consisted of seven parts, called 'Articles'. Article 4 of the US Constitution deals with the relationship between the states and the federal government and describes how to admit new states to the Union.
Summary of the Article 4 of the US Constitution - Full Faith and Credit
Definition and Summary: Article 4 of the US Constitution summarizes the duties that individual states have to each other, as well as those the federal government has to the states. Article IV, Section 1, of the U.S. Constitution is called the Full Faith and Credit Clause and ensures the recognition of legislative acts, public records, and judicial decisions of the other states within the US. It also prevents people from moving to another state to escape enforcement of a judgment. The purpose of the Founding Fathers was to to unify their new country whilst preserving the self-government of the states. It also declares that the form of government will be based on Republicanism, meaning that supreme power rests with citizens who are entitled to vote and exercised by representatives they have elected.
Article 4 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 1 - Full Faith and Credit
The first section of Article 4 of the US Constitution (Full Faith & Credit).
Article 4, Section 1 deals with respect for the law and judgments of other states and the powers of Congress to make laws.
Article 4 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 2 - Obligations of states
The second section of Article 4 of the US Constitution details the duties of the states.
|Article 4, Section 2, Clause 1 (Privileges & Immunities Clause) ensures that all citizens have the same protection and rights as those in other states.|
|Article 4, Section 2, Clause 2 (Extradition Clause) deals with the extradition of fugitives, meaning they have run away from a state to avoid prosecution|
|Article 4, Section 2, Clause 3 (Fugitive Slave Clause). Slavery was ended by the 13th Amendment, the clause had specified that slaves that escaped from one state would still be deemed a slave and returned to his/her owner.|
Article 4 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 3 - Federal Property and New States
The third section of Article 4 of the US Constitution deals with the admission of new states.
|Article 4, Section 2, Clause 1 deals with taking new states into the union.|
|Article 4, Section 2, Clause 2 (Disposing Clause) deals with Federal property and the Territory clause|
Article 4 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 4 - Obligations of the United States
The fourth section of Article 4 of the US Constitution (Guarantee Clause) relates to a Republican form of government and protection of US citizens.
|Article 4, Section 4, Clause 1 states that "The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government…" (not be confused with the Republican political party). The clause refers to Republicanism, meaning the right to vote for representatives. Supreme power rests with citizens who are entitled to vote and exercised by representatives they have elected.|
|Article 4, Section 4, Clause 2 guarantees protection from invasion and domestic violence|
Text of Article 4 of the US Constitution including amendments
The full text of the Article 4 of the US Constitution includes parts that have been amended or superseded the original wording. Each section is shown separately for ease of reading. Each section is divided into clause numbers. Specific parts of Article 4 can therefore be referred to be sections and clause numbers.
Text of Article 4 of the US Constitution - Section 1
Article 4 of the US Constitution Text - Section 1
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
Text of Article 4 of the US Constitution - Section 2
Article 4 of the US Constitution Text - Section 2
Clause 1: The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.
Clause 2: A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
Clause 3: No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.
Text of Article 4 of the US Constitution - Section 3
Article 4 of the US Constitution Text - Section 3
Clause 1: New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
Clause 2: The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.
Text of Article 4 of the US Constitution - Section 4
Article 4 of the US Constitution Text - Section 4
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.
Article 4 of the US Constitution: Video of the Presidents
The article on the Article 4 of the US Constitution of the Constitution provides the text, definition and summary of the most important document in American history. The following video will give you an overview of the lives and the important political events of all of the Presidents of America.
|Article 4 of the US Constitution of the Constitution|