US Senate Facts

 

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US Senate Facts for kids
This article contains interesting US
Senate facts

Summary & Definition of the US Senate: What is the US Senate?
What is the US Senate? Summary and Definition: The US Senate is part of Congress, the legislative branch of the federal (national) government.  Congress is a two-tier (bicameral) organization that consists of members elected by the people and is divided into the Senate and the House of Representatives. The two houses run parallel to each other and has the power to pass, amend and repeal bills that are made into the law of the land. There are 100 senators in the U.S. Senate (two Senators for every state) who are elected every six years.

 

US Senate Facts for kids: FAQ's
There are several FAQ's (frequently asked questions) asked about the US Senate and these are a good place to start when detailing quick and interesting facts about this important subject:

 
Questions about the US SenateAnswers about the US Senate
When was the US Senate established?It was established on September 17, 1787 when 39 out of 55 delegates of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.
  
What does the US Senate do?Senators represent their constituents and has the power to pass, amend and repeal laws
  
What are the qualifications of the US Senate?The qualifications or eligibility of US Senators are that they reside in a state, the minimum length of Citizenship is 9 years and the minimum age for Senators is 30 years old
  
What are the powers of the US Senate?The unique powers are to approve presidential appointments to key federal offices, confirm all federal judicial appointments, to ratify treaties and reside in the trials of impeached officials
  
Where does the US Senate meet?It meets in the Capitol  building in Washington, D.C.
  
Why are there 100 Senators in the US Senate?There are 100 senators, because two Senators are required to represent each state
  
What is a filibuster in the US Senate?A filibuster is a deliberate tactic of Senators to delay or obstruct legislation by making long speeches
  
What is President Pro Tempore of the US Senate?The Presidential Succession Act of 1792 provided that after the Vice president, the next officials in line of succession would be the President Pro Tempore (presiding officer)

US Senate Facts for kids
The following facts and information provides a quick overview of how the US Senate works.

How the US Senate works

US Senate: Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch of Government includes the Senate which has the power to make the laws and has the power to pass, repeal (cancel) and amend laws as defined in Article I of the Constitution.

US Senate: Congress
The duties of the Senators are conducted in Congress, a two-tier (bicameral) organization that consists of members elected by the people and is divided into the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The upper house is another name for the Senate. The US Capitol building houses the Senators in Washington D.C.

US Senate: The Committees
The Senators prepare and consider legislation via  standing committees, conference committees, special committees and joint committees that have bicameral membership.

United States Constitution
 

US Capitol Building

The US Capitol

Legislative Branch of Government
Congress
House of Representatives and the Senate

 

Presidential Seal

US Senate Facts for kids
Interesting US Senate Facts for kids are detailed below. The history of US Senate is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the duties, structure and powers of the Senate.

US Senate Facts for kids

US Senatorial Fact 1:Congress is divided into two chambers. The upper house is another name for the Senate and the lower house is another name for the House of Representatives.
  
US Senatorial Fact 2:The Senate and the House of Representatives work in parallel to pass, repeal (cancel) and amend laws
  
US Senatorial Fact 3:The Senate is the smaller chamber having 100 members - each state has two senators.
  
US Senatorial Fact 4:Senators serve in office for six years and can be re-elected as many times as the people require
  
US Senatorial Fact 5:Qualifications: The qualifications and eligibility are that Candidates must be state residents. The Minimum Length of Citizenship to be eligible for the Senate is 9 years and the minimum age of Senators is 30 years old
  
US Senatorial Fact 6:The two houses in Congress have an equal voice in legislation but both the Senate and the House of Representatives have unique powers
  
US Senatorial Fact 7:Unique Powers: The Senate has the power to approve presidential appointments, confirm all federal judicial appointments, to ratify treaties and to try impeached government officials
  
US Senatorial Fact 8:The Staff System: A significant amount of people, called staffers, provide research, analysis and clerical help  to members of the Senate and the House
  
US Senatorial Fact 9:The Budget: The House and the Senate has the "power of the purse" and must approve all government spending and appropriate the amount of money to be spent, called Appropriation Bills
  
US Senatorial Fact 10:Senatorial proceedings are recorded in the Congressional Record
  
US Senatorial Fact 11:The 17th Amendment enabled electors to vote for Senators as opposed to the state legislatures, encouraging American citizens to become more involved in the Government of the USA.
  
US Senatorial Fact 12:The terms of one third of the senators expire every two years
  
US Senatorial Fact 13:The Senate is presided over by the vice president of the United States
  
US Senatorial Fact 14:In the absence of the Vice President his duties are assumed by a president pro tempore, elected by the Senate as the presiding officer
  
US Senatorial Fact 15:Leaders: The political party holding the majority in the Senate elects a majority leader, the minority party elects a minority leader
  
US Senatorial Fact 16:Impeachment Trials: The Senate acquitted both Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1999 during their impeachment trials, so both presidents remained in office.
  
US Senatorial Fact 17:The Senate chamber is a room where Senators meet to conduct business
  
US Senatorial Fact 18:Each section of Congress has a majority party, which holds more than half of the seats, and a minority party, which holds less than half the seats
  
US Senatorial Fact 19:Political Parties: The dominant political parties in the United States are the Democratic Political Party and the Republican Political Party
  
US Senatorial Fact 20:The actual number of senators representing a particular political party often changes during a congress, due to the death or resignation of a senator, or as a consequence of a member changing parties.
  
US Senatorial Fact 21:Floor Debates: Unlike members of the House of Representatives Senators are not subject to the House Rules Committee and can speak for as long as they wish and offer as many amendments as they want which can result in a filibuster
  
US Senatorial Fact 22:Filibuster: A filibuster is a tactic employed by Senators to delay or obstruct legislation by making long speeches
  
US Senatorial Fact 23:Whips: Whips exist in both houses for each political party. The Whips make sure that legislators are present for important votes and for ensuring that important votes have the desired outcome for their party on major issues
  
US Senatorial Fact 24:Ranking: The highest ranking is United States Vice President (who is called President of the Senate when he is acting in this capacity), the Senate Majority Leader who is a Senator elected by the party to serve as their primary spokesperson, the President pro tempore, who presides over the Senate when the Majority Leader is absent and the Majority Whip

US Senate Facts for kids

US Senate Facts for kids
The US Senate Facts for kids provides a fast overview of important information about the US Government. The following Presidents of the USA video provides a useful educational resource for kids, children and schools.

 

 

 

US Senate Facts for kids
 
US Senate Facts for kids
Questions and Answers about the US Senate Facts for kids
Congress and the House of Representatives
Powers of the United States Senators
Facts about the US Senate Facts for kids
US Senators Facts for kids
Important and helpful Information on the US Senate Facts for kids for schools, homework, kids and children
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