Article 2 of the US Constitution
What does Article 2 of the US Constitution deal with?
The US Constitution was written on June 21, 1788 and consisted of seven parts, called 'Articles'. Article 2 of the US Constitution deals with the powers of the Executive Branch (Administration, headed by the President) and the powers of Congress and the Federal government.
Summary of the Article 2 of the US Constitution
Definition and Summary: Article 2 of the US Constitution establishes the Executive branch of the US government and the election, powers and responsibilities of the President. The presidential powers include the right to pardon people and delay executions. The presidential duties include recommending taxes and laws. This article also details the process of impeachment in which any Public Officials can be impeached for treason, bribery or other serious crimes. Accusations of impeachment are made from the House of Representatives and impeachment trials are conducted in the Senate. Two Presidents have been impeached - Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, both were acquitted.
Article 2 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 1 - The President and Vice President
The first section of Article 2 of the US Constitution deals with establishment of the Executive branch of government and the election, of the President and Vice President.
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 1 is the 'vesting clause' and establishes Executive branch of government with the President as the head. It states the presidential term as being four years.|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 2 deals with the election of the President and the number of electors. Representatives and Senators are not allowed to be electors, nor are certain members of the governments.|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 3 deals with the Electors|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 4 deals with Election Day|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 5 (Natural Born Citizen Clause) deals with eligibility requirements for serving as President|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 6 deals with the responsibilities of the Vice President and the process to follow should the President become incapacitated.|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 7 deals with the wages of the President|
|Article 2, Section 1, Clause 8 details the oath of office to be taken by the President|
Article 2 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 2 - Powers of the President
The second section of Article 2 of the US Constitution deals with presidential powers.
|Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1 states that the President is in charge of the military. It also gives the President the right to request reports from each of the Executive Departments. It establishes his right to pardon people and delay the executions of criminals.|
|Article 2, Section 2, Clause 2 (Appointments Clause) establishes the President's right to make treaties, but that these must be agreed before made law. It also gives the President the right to appoint public officials, judges and ambassadors with the consent of the Senate|
|Article 2, Section 2, Clause 3 states that the President may make temporary appointments if the Senate is not in session |
Article 2 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 3 - Responsibilities of the President
The third section of Article 2 of the US Constitution deals with presidential responsibilities (Faithfully Executed Clause) including keeping Congress informed about the conditions in the US and other communication duties, and recommending taxes and laws.
Article 2 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 4 - The Process of Impeachment
The fourth section of Article 2 of the US Constitution relates to Impeachment. Impeachment is a fundamental constitutional power that is a process that is used to charge, try, and remove any public officials for serious misconduct whilst in office. Public Officials can be impeached for treason, bribery or other serious crimes. Accusations are made from the House of Representatives and trials are conducted in the Senate.
Text of Article 2 of the US Constitution including amendments
The full text of the Article 2 of the US Constitution includes parts that have been amended or superseded the original wording. Each section is shown separately for ease of reading. Each section is divided into clause numbers. Specific parts of Article 2 can therefore be referred to be sections and clause numbers.
Text of Article 2 of the US Constitution - Section 1
Article 2 of the US Constitution Text - Article 2, Section 1
Clause 1: The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:
Clause 2: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
Clause 3: The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.
Clause 4: The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.
Clause 5: No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
Clause 6: In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
Clause 7: The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.
Clause 8: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
Text of Article 2 of the US Constitution - Section 2
Article 2 of the US Constitution Text - Article 2, Section 2
Article 2, Section 2.
Clause 1: The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
Clause 2: He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
Clause 3: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
Text of Article 2 of the US Constitution - Section 3
Article 2 of the US Constitution Text - Article 2, Section 3
Article 2, Section 3.
He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
Text of Article 2 of the US Constitution - Section 4
Article 2 of the US Constitution Text - Article 2, Section 4
Article 2, Section 4.
The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
Article 2 of the US Constitution: Video of the Presidents
The article on the Article 2 of the US Constitution of the Constitution provides the text, definition and summary of the most important document in American history. The following video will give you an overview of the lives and the important political events of all of the Presidents of America.
|Article 2 of the US Constitution of the Constitution|