Article 3 of the US Constitution
What does Article 3 of the US Constitution deal with?
The US Constitution was written on June 21, 1788 and consisted of seven parts, called 'Articles'. Article 3 of the US Constitution deals with the Judicial Branch (the system of courts and judges), judicial powers and the crime of treason.
Summary of the Article 3 of the US Constitution - The Judiciary
Definition and Summary: Article 3 of the US Constitution establishes the last of the three branches of government, the Judiciary which deals with the courts and judges and establishes the Supreme Court as the highest court in the US. It defines the terms of and payments of judges, in both the Supreme Court and lower courts. It also covers appeals and guarantees trial by jury in criminal court. The crime of treason is addressed. The definition, trials and punishment for treason. It makes it clear that the crime of treason must not extend to punishing the family or heirs or taking the property of the traitor.
Article 3 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 1 - Courts and Judges
The first section of Article 3 of the US Constitution deals with the subject of courts and judges.
Article 3, Section 1, paragraph 1 deals with the number of courts - the Supreme Court and the lower courts
Article 3, Section 1, paragraph 2 deals with tenure (occupancy, permanent status) of judges
Article 3, Section 1, paragraph 3 deals with salaries and states that they must not decrease while they are in office
Article 3 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 2 - Judicial Power, Jurisdiction & Trial by Jury
The second section of Article 3 of the US Constitution deals with Judicial Power, jurisdiction and Trial by Jury
Article 3, Section 2, Clause 1 deals with the powers of the courts, the law and their areas of jurisdiction (control)
Article 3, Section 2, Clause 2 (Exceptions Clause) deals with cases of people in high office and the appeals procedure
Article 3, Section 2, Clause 3 states that crimes will be subject to trial by jury in the states where the crime was committed, except in cases of impeachment
Article 3 of the US Constitution: Summary of Section 3 - Acts of Treason
The third section of Article 3 of the US Constitution deals with acts of treason
Article 3, Section 3, Clause 1 defines treason against the US and states that a person cannot be convicted of treason unless a person confesses or there are two witnesses
Article 3, Section 3, Clause 2 states that Congress has the power to decide the punishment for the crime of treason which must not extend to punishing his family or heirs and must not take property
Text of Article 3 of the US Constitution including amendments
The full text of the Article 3 of the US Constitution includes parts that have been amended or superseded the original wording. Each section is shown separately for ease of reading. Each section is divided into clause numbers. Specific parts of Article 3 can therefore be referred to be sections and clause numbers.
Text of Article 3 of the US Constitution - Section 1
Article 3 of the US Constitution Text - Article 3, Section 1
Article 3, Section 1.
The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Text of Article 3 of the US Constitution - Section 2
Article 3 of the US Constitution Text - Article 3, Section 2
Article 3, Section 2.
Clause 1: The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between two or more States;-- between a State and Citizens of another State,--between Citizens of different States,--between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
Clause 2: In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
Clause 3: The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
Text of Article 3 of the US Constitution - Section 3
Article 3 of the US Constitution Text - Article 3, Section 3
Clause 1: Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
Clause 2: The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.
Article 3 of the US Constitution: Video of the Presidents
The article on the Article 3 of the US Constitution of the Constitution provides the text, definition and summary of the most important document in American history. The following video will give you an overview of the lives and the important political events of all of the Presidents of America.
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